When the endometrium grows outside the uterus, the condition is called endometriosis. The pelvic region, ovaries and the bowel are the mainly affected region. The patient may experience pain and can be at risk for developing fertility problems. In fact, they are the common symptoms of endometriosis. During menstrual cycle, the pain may get worse. Despite these, other symptoms of endometriosis are:
- Pain while engaging in sexual intercourse
- Pain while urinating or bowel movements
- Heavy bleeding during periods etc.
The exact cause for endometriosis is not known. Still, researchers believe Retrograde Menstruation as a cause. The doctor may suggest following tests for diagnosis:
- Pelvic examination
Endometriosis can be treated using medication as well as surgery. Some of the treatment options may include:
- Pain medications for menstrual pain relief
- Hormone therapy for reducing the growth of endometrial tissue
- Conservative Surgery to remove the endometriosis
- Hysterectomy for severe cases which may require removal of uterus, cervix and the ovaries.
Hysterectomy is least preferred for most cases. Hysterectomy prevents women from getting pregnant.